As the definition implies the bone itself is deteriorating or breaking
down. Thus causing the bone to get weaker and easier to break. Advanced Osteoporosis looks like Swiss cheese with very big
holes and little structure. Bones most commonly affected are those in the
spine, hip, shoulder and wrist.
Osteoporosis can strike at
any age and affects both men and women.
Osteoporosis can show up as
early as age 40. 2-3% of bone mass annually gets losts in women when they
approach Menopause. 1 in 3 women will have an Osteoporotic fracture at some
point in their life.
Risk factors include age, sex, vertebral compression fracture, fragility
fracture after age 40, either parent has had a hip fracture, >3 months use
of glucocorticoid drugs, medical conditions that inhibit absorption of
nutrients and other medical conditions or medications that contribute to bone
No known cause for Osteoporosis has been
identified, however physical activity and proper diet early in life is thought
to help strong bones. At age 16-20 peak bone mass for women is reached and for
men age 20-25.
Intake of adequate Calcium
and Vitamin D along with regular exercise is essential in the
prevention of Osteoporosis
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